Aquatic plants serve a variety of uses in a water system, some of which are vital to the overall health of the aquatic environment. Numerous aquatic plants grow in farm dams, streams, and waterways, and fortunately, most are rarely a problem. However, when water becomes rich in nutrients, aquatic plants can grow vigorously until they become a nuisance or are considered weeds.
Some aquatic plants fulfill many beneficial functions and play a vital role in aquatic environments. Removal of these plants may destroy water quality and habitat with no real benefit. Many edge plants play an essential role in nutrient buffering, bank stabilization, and sediment trapping. Oxygen is the most critical water quality
parameter, and submerged plants help to oxygenate the water. Aquatic plants also play an essential role in providing
habitat for many organisms, particularly birds, amphibians, fish and many insects, and other small pond creatures. Floating plants give shade, reduce evaporation rates and keep the water temperature constant.
In many cases, a water body is a diverse and balanced ecosystem, and care needs to be taken to keep this balance at an advantage. Excess growth may indicate an imbalance and lead to a deterioration of the ecosystem.
Aquatic plants become a problem.
- Blanket the entire water surface, causing oxygen depletion – this may destroy the under-surface ecosystem and kill aquatic species.
- As introduced species, compete with native species and reduce biodiversity
- Impact on the aquatic habitat of bird species and cause them to relocate
- Interfere with commercial and recreational activities
- Cause blockages or impede water intake to pumping equipment – mesh cages may have to be made to house the foot valve away from the weed.
Mechanical and Physical Removal Solutions
- Amphibious Machine
- Weed Harvester
- Multi-Purpose Dredger
- Shore Conveyor
- Aquatic Plant Boom